Endocrine disorders causing infertility can also come from the man’s side. He could have a low sperm count, even if sperm production is normal. For instance, in secondary hypogonadism there is an FSH and LH pituitary gland disorder or a lack of production of hypothalamic releasing hormones, which leads to infertility both in the male and the female. However, other hormone dysbalances such as for instance thyroid problems and diabetes mellitus will often also lead to infertility. Hormone problems are less common in the most reproductive years (age 18 to 27), which is another reason why couples who wish to conceive should do so then and not beyond the age of 30 as is fashionable at the present time.
When a woman has regular periods and there is an ovulation taking place every month, the major hormones estrogen and progesterone are in balance. This can be determined with saliva hormone tests that will measure tissue levels of estrogen and progesterone. The problem occurs when there is an abundance of estrogen from obesity or from exposure to xenoestrogens (pesticide, contaminated fruit, vegetables and meat) that prevent ovulation from happening. According to Dr. Lee (Ref. 25 and 26) this is a lot more common now than in the past. Fortunately with attention to detail, modification of food intake, exercise and bio-identical progesterone supplementation this can be treated quite effectively and without any side-effects as the body is used to progesterone. Progesterone will also protect the pregnancy.
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20. The Merck Manual, 7th edition, by M. H. Beers et al., Whitehouse Station, N.J., 1999. Chapter 250.
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25. Dr. John R. Lee and Virginia Hopkins: “Hormone Balance Made Simple – The Essential How-to Guide to Symptoms, Dosage, Timing, and More”. Wellness Central, NY, 2006
26. Dr. John R. Lee, David Zava and Virginia Hopkins: “What your doctor may not tell you about breast cancer – How hormone balance can help save your life”, Wellness Central, Hachette Book Group USA, 2005. Page 29 – 38 (Chapter 2): Risk factors for breast cancer. Page 360 to 374 explains about xenohormones and how they cause estrogen dominance. Pages 221 to 234 (chapter 12) explains why Tamoxifen is not recommended and bio-identical progesterone is more powerful in preventing breast and uterine cancer.