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Blocked Fallopian Tube

It makes sense that a blocked Fallopian tube could cause infertility in a woman, particularly when both Fallopian tubes are blocked. She will have problems trying to get pregnant normally.

The blockage of a fallopian tube can occur due to a number of reasons: scarring from pelvic inflammatory disease due to prior sexually transmitted disease, a tubal pregnancy in the past, pelvic adhesions from previous gynecological surgery or abdominal surgery including appendectomy or blockage from endometriosis, just to name a few.


A special X-ray test, called “hysterosalpingogram”, often depicts the pathology on X-ray films (contrast medium is blocked at the end of the fallopian tubes), but often is good reassurance when the test is normal (free flow of contrast medium).

Hysteroscopy and laparoscopies

Some of these women will become pregnant within a few cycles from the test. Those who have abnormalities can be treated by the gynecologist using endoscopic technology called “hysteroscopy”. With this procedure the specialist uses a fiberoptic instrument to go through the vagina and the uterine cavity into each tube to loosen up adhesions or do other minor surgical procedures. In other cases this may have to be followed by laparoscopy where the gynecologist introduces a fiberoptic instrument with small stab wounds through the abdominal wall into the abdominal cavity where further testing can get done by injecting a dye from below to see whether the tubes are functioning or not. Also, laser surgery for endometriosis treatment with cautery of lesions can be done this way.


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Further references

  1. Rakel: Conn’s Current Therapy 2001, 53rd ed., W. B. Saunders Co.
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More references

  1. Gabbe: Obstetrics – Normal and Problem Pregnancies, 3rd ed.,  1996 Churchill Livingstone, Inc.
  2. The Merck Manual, 7th edition, by M. H. Beers et al., Whitehouse  Station, N.J., 1999. Chapter 251.
  3. The Merck Manual, 7th edition, by M. H. Beers et al., Whitehouse  Station, N.J., 1999. Chapter 250.
  4. Ignaz P Semmelweiss: “Die Aetiologie, der Begriff und die  Prophylaxis des Kindbettfiebers” (“Etiology, the Understanding and  Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever”). Vienna (Austria), 1861.
  5. Rosen: Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice, 4th  ed., 1998 Mosby-Year Book, Inc.
  6. Mandell: Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 5th ed.,  2000 Churchill Livingstone, Inc.
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  8. Ferri: Ferri’s Clinical Advisor: Instant Diagnosis and Treatment, 2004 ed., Copyright © 2004 Mosby, Inc.
  9. Rakel: Conn’s Current Therapy 2004, 56th ed., Copyright © 2004 Elsevier



Last modified: April 23, 2021

This outline is only a teaching aid to patients and should stimulate you to ask the right questions when seeing your doctor. However, the responsibility of treatment stays in the hands of your doctor and you.