Premature labor is part of a high risk pregnancy as it leads to a premature baby. Infant death is higher in premature babies due to a multitude of complications.
The main complications are hypoglycemia, the risk for infection is increased and there is also an increased risk for hemolytic anemias and newborn jaundice. A variety of conditions can lead to premature labor such as a fever, multiple pregnancies, uterine abnormality, an incompetent cervix that opens up too early, just to name a view.
Smoking while pregnant will often also lead to premature labor. (Ref. 20, p.2036). When premature labor occurs, immediate hospitalization is necessary and an attempt will be made to stop the labor. If this is unsuccessful, or if there is premature water break (premature rupture of the membrane) , the baby will be born prematurely.
Most premature infants born after 28 weeks survive with specialized care in a premature nursery, but there are a number of high risks and possible complications. It follows from this that prevention of premature labor is a highly effective method of preventing a lot of fetal and early infant mortality.
The methods are simple enough:
1. no smoking
2. no recreational drugs
3. avoid fever and have this treated immediately by the treating physician.
4. Have balanced nutrition with regular meals, pregnancy is no time for crash diets.
5. Diabetes treatment needs to be followed vigorously with close supervision by a physician and dietician.
All of this is common sense and relatively easy to follow.
There are a few other problems to consider: Women above the age of 35 are more likely to get conditions like arthritis, diabetes, obesity, and this can lead to complications with their pregnancy. But this website states that these conditions can be medically managed so that risks of pregnancy at age 40 are not any worse than at age 35. Risk for prematurity can come from declining fertility on behalf of the woman with increasing age, but a desire to want children at a later age. This leads to a rise of fertility clinic visits, lengthy and costly procedures to get pregnant, and finally a risk for twins or triplets, which is the reason for more premature labor and premature babies. Seeing these connections it would be logical to have children in the 20’s when child-bearing is a lot easier for the couple, but common sense is often pushed aside because of career aspirations.
It is because of these latter facts that the US and many of the industrialized countries will have a hard time to get a grade A on the report card of prematurity.
Prenatal visits are an important part of preventing the complication of a preterm delivery. Read more about prenatal visits here.
More info about March of Dimes (a non- profit organization).
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