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Infantile Spasms

Infantile spasms are generalized in nature. They last several seconds at a time, but can occur many times in the course of a day. The arms are suddenly flexed, the legs extended and the trunk is flexed forward.

These seizures can be associated with developmental delays. These children have these type of seizures only during the first 3 years of their lives during which the brain is still growing fast, but they can get other forms of epilepsy later in life.

Treatment of infantile spasm

Infantile spasms are treated with Clonazepam (brand names: Rivotril, Clonapam) or Valproic acid (brand names: Depakene, Deproic, Epival, Epiject,Alti-Valproic). Occasionally the child neurologist might use corticosteroids for about 8 to 10 weeks as this has been found to be useful. Alternatively, the stress hormone, ACTH, has been found useful, which is administered intramuscularly.

 Infantile Spasms

Infantile Spasms



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Last modified: October 2, 2014

This outline is only a teaching aid to patients and should stimulate you to ask the right questions when seeing your doctor. However, the responsibility of treatment stays in the hands of your doctor and you.