Infantile spasms are generalized in nature. They last several seconds at a time, but can occur many times in the course of a day. The arms are suddenly flexed, the legs extended and the trunk is flexed forward.
These seizures can be associated with developmental delays. These children have these type of seizures only during the first 3 years of their lives during which the brain is still growing fast, but they can get other forms of epilepsy later in life.
Treatment of infantile spasm
Infantile spasms are treated with Clonazepam (brand names: Rivotril, Clonapam) or Valproic acid (brand names: Depakene, Deproic, Epival, Epiject,Alti-Valproic). Occasionally the child neurologist might use corticosteroids for about 8 to 10 weeks as this has been found to be useful. Alternatively, the stress hormone, ACTH, has been found useful, which is administered intramuscularly.
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