There are a number of infections that do not quite fit into the conventional categories of respiratory infections, fungal infections or parasitic infections. I have therefore combined them in this chapter as “other infectious diseases” to indicate that they are important, partially because of the recent media attention (anthrax, BSE), but partially because they seem to be playing an increasing role for various and sometimes unknown reasons (for instance Hanta virus, rabies or hepatitis C). The list below shows some common infections in this category. More detailed information about them can be found through the links from this page.
Common other infections difficult to classify
Anthrax : caused by Bacillus anthracis, common in cattle, sheep, goats and horses; rare in humans, but can be deadly
Creutzfeld-Jakob disease : caused by BSE-prion; mad-cow disease is believed to be caused by the same prion (see text)
Hanta virus pulmonary syndrome : caused byhantavirus, high mortality of 50% to 75%
Lassa fever : caused by Lassa fever virus; natural reservoir is a house rat common in Africa (Mastomys natalensis)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) :caused by JC virus, common in immune deficient patients (AIDS etc.)
Rabies : caused by rabies virus; in the U.S. rabid dogs and rabid bats are mostly the cause
SARS : caused by Urbani SARS-associated coronavirus; new strain of flu-like atypical pneumonia from China
Viral hepatitis : caused by hepatitis virus; there are different strains: A, B, C , D, E and G
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