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Dictionary Of Obstetrics

Here is a brief dictionary of obstetrics where these complicated medical terms are explained.

Cesarean delivery : quick delivery by surgery

eclampsia : syndrome with leakage of protein into urine, high blood pressure, edema, kidney and liver damage. This can suddenly lead to seizures, shock and death of the mother

epidural injection : anesthetic procedure (a needle in the back to inject anesthetic into epidural space); this is done to  numb pain and make it a pain free delivery. The

episiotomy: cut in soft tissue of perineum (behind opening of vagina) to create extra room for the presenting part of the baby

fetal monitoring : applies to electronic equipment to monitor baby’s heart beat with scalp clip and recording pressure inside uterus during high risk delivery process

forceps delivery : assisting delivery by pulling on presenting part with forceps

meconium : greenish staining of the amniotic fluid from bowel secretions of the baby (often a sign of baby distress)

multigravida : woman with another pregnancy (all after the first)

pre-eclampsia : precursor condition of eclampsia; the clinician will aggressively monitor for these signs and symptoms to prevent eclampsia

presenting part : usually the head, but could be breech presentation (behind first)

primigravida : woman with first time pregnancy

rescucitation : reviving of a person (usually applied to baby after birth)

term baby : baby born 38 to 42 weeks after 1st day of last menstrual period

vertex presentation : normal head first position (contrary to a breech presentation where the baby’s buttock presents)

 Dictionary Of Obstetrics

Dictionary Of Obstetrics



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25. 19th Annual World Congress on Anti-Aging and Aesthetic Medicine in Las Vegas (December 8-10, 2011) Dr. Hertoghe lectured on “Premature aging caused by hormone deficiencies in utero”.

Last modified: November 12, 2014

This outline is only a teaching aid to patients and should stimulate you to ask the right questions when seeing your doctor. However, the responsibility of treatment stays in the hands of your doctor and you.