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Conditions Predisposing To Pneumonia

Conditions predisposing to pneumonia have in common that the immune system is in some way weakened, either through age, another infection or a debilitating condition. In the unconscious or in a person with an end stage neurological disease (e.g. multiple sclerosis or Lou-Gehrig disease, for instance) the protective cough reflex is missing facilitating aspiration pneumonia. All of the pre existing conditions listed below pose a much higher risk for patients to get Covid, which became abundantly obvious during the pancemic between 2000 and 2002.

Conditions Predisposing To Pneumonia

Disease or condition: Comments:
upper respiratory infections bacterial super infections are common
cigarette smoking leads to chronic bronchitis/infection
alcoholism weakens immune system
chronic obstructive airway disease and chronic asthma lining of chronically irritated airways more susceptible to infections
chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus and kidney failure immune system is weakened
extreme ages (premature baby and nursing home resident) weak immune systems
congestive heart failure tissues edematous, infection prone
unconsciousness protective cough reflex missing
swallowing problems debilitated patients; neurological disorders in end stage often have reflux esophagitis in their sleep
institutionalization crowded prisons, nursing homes, military barracks, schools, colleges. Leads to easier transmission
compromised immune system AIDS; cancer patients; patients with burns; corticosteroids treatment of asthma; arthritis (autoimmune disease) treated with chemotherapy agents
Conditions Predisposing To Pneumonia (Upper Respiratory Infections)

Conditions Predisposing To Pneumonia (Upper Respiratory Infections, Allergies Etc.)


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Last modified: March 28, 2022

This outline is only a teaching aid to patients and should stimulate you to ask the right questions when seeing your doctor. However, the responsibility of treatment stays in the hands of your doctor and you.